AS Corning Community College 1969; BA SUNY Buffalo 1971; MA, PhD Binghamton University 1973, 1980
Colby College; SUNY Oneonta; SUNY Cortland
African American history, 20th century U.S., American studies, 19th and 20th century social and cultural history
Afro-Americans in upstate New York; African American intellectuals in the 20th century U.S.
"The Philadelphia Tribune and the Persistence of Black Republicanism during the Great Depression" (Pennsylvania History, Spring 1998); "The Hopes and Fears of the Black Middle Class" (The World and I, February 1999); The Fruits of Integration: Black Middle Class Ideology and Culture 1960-1990 (University Press of Mississippi, 1994), To Do Good and To Do Well: Middle Class Blacks During the Depression in Philadelphia, 1929-1941 (Garland Publishers, 1993); articles and reviews in Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, Journal of Negro History, Pennsylvania History, Southern Cultures, Western Journal of Black Studies, and Journal of Southern History