Marginalized Conflict Podcast Series and References Skip Navigation

Marginalized Conflict Podcast Series

Members of our Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies course embarked on a collaborative project to understand and interrogate 20th century histories of war and violence, as well as its resolutions, via a series of podcasts.
As part of this endeavor, students and faculty analyzed and disseminated information about marginalized conflicts. By "marginalized" we mean conflicts left unaddressed – either in our class examination or in the broader frame of existing historical knowledge. We aim to shock, surprise, and provoke reflection.

You can stream the full playlist of podcasts below, choose an individual episode from the Youtube playlist, or download the podcasts from iTunes U.
Episode 01: Violence in Southern Thailand
By: Tyrell Haberkorn, postdoctoral fellow in Peace & Conflict Studies
Episode 02: The Cambodian Genocide and the Continuing Effects of War after Conflict Resolution
By: Katherine Clark '11 References
Ban Against Landmines.

Cambodia Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1997. United States. U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 1998.

Cambodia. Rep.No. Landmine Monitor. 2006.

Cambodia's Landmine Trouble. 28 May 2007.

Cambodia Living with Landmines. "A film by Alison McMahan, co-produced by Mathieu Roberts."

"The Campaign to Ban Landmines." Online posting. Feb. 2004. Human Rights Watch.

Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. "Cambodian Genocide - 17th April 1975." Press release. 17th-april- 975-2008/

Hughes, Stuart. "Cambodia's Landmine Victims." BBC News. 11 Nov. 2003. . stm

Land Mines In Cambodia: A Short Film. 11 Jan. 2008.

“The Ottawa Treaty.” Treaty to Ban Landmines. Handicap International.

“Talking About Genocide.” Cambodia 1975. Peace pledge Union Information.

"World Report 2001." Cambodia. 2001. Human Rights Watch.
Episode 03: The Armenian Genocide
By: Miriam Neustadt '11
Episode 04: The Lost Boys of Sudan
By: Olivia Straub '12 References
James Minahan. "Southern Sudanese." Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Aroundthe World, Vol. IV (London: Greenwood Press, 2002). 1788

"Sudan: Army Mutiny Put Down." Facts on File: Weekly World News Digest with Cumulative Index 1983 (Vol.43, No. 2223). 476.

Lost Boys of Sudan, DVD, directed by Megan Mylan and Jon Shenk (Actual FilmsPrincipe Productions, 2003). 0:37.

Carl Skutsch. "Sudan: Civil Wars, 1955-1972; 1983-." Encyclopedia of Conflicts Since World War 11, Vol. 4. Ed. James Ciment (New York: Sharpe Reference, 1999) 121 0.

"Sudan." African Research Bulletin: Political Social and Cultural Series, Vol. 20, No. 5. May 1983. (Exeter, England) 6847.

"Sudan's Political History in Brief." Middle East Journal, Vol. 44, No. 4. Autumn 1990. JSTOR. 670.

"Sudan - Adoption of Islamic Penal Code-Internal Security-Government Changes-Foreign Relations."Keesig’s Contemporary Archives: Record of World Events, Vol XXX, No. 7. Ed. Robert Fraser. July 1984. 33009

“Sudan.” African Research Bulletin: Political, Social, and Cultural Series, Vol. 20, No. 9. September 1983. (Exeter, England) 6982.

Leslie Goffe. “Sudan’s ‘Lost Boys’ in America.” 31 SAugust 2005.

Frank Litsky. “After Walking Hundreds of Miles for Survival, a Refugee Turns to Running.” NYTimes. 29 October 2007. 1.

Fionn Meade. “The Lost Boys of Sudan.” Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 29, No. 92. June 2002. JSTOR. 358.
Episode 05: The Democratic Republic of Congo
By: Christopher Dixon '12 References
Cooper, Anderson. "War Against Women: The Use Of Rape As A Weapon In Congo's Civil
War." 60 Minutes. 17 Aug. 2008. CBS News. 20 Oct. 2008

"Democratic Republic of Congo." Bureau of African Affairs. U.S. Department of State. 20 Oct.

Exec. Order No. Y 1.117: 109-142,3 C.F.R. 1 (2006).

Human Rights Watch. The Curse of Gold: Democratic Republic of Congo. Human Rights
Watch. 1-4.

Nest, Michael. The Democratic Republic of Congo: Economic Dimensions of War and Peace.
Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, Inc., 2006.

Polgreen, Lydia. "Congo's Death Rate Unchanged Since War Ended." Africa. 23 Jan. 2008. The
New York Times. 20 Oct. 2008

Scherrer, Christian P. Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.
Episode 06: The Massacre in Drencia, Kosovo
By: Bardha Ajeti '12
Bieber, Florian and Zidas Daskalovski, ed. Understanding the War in Kosovo. London"
Frank Cass, 2003.

Lellio Di, Anna and Stephanie Schwander-Sievers. "The Legendary Commander: the
construction of an Albanian master-narrative in post-war Kosovo". Nations and
Nationalism. 12(2006): 513-529.

Schwartz, Stephen. Kosovo: Background to a War. Hungary: Interpress, 2000.

"Violations of the Rules of War by Government Forces". Human Rights Watch 10.htm
Episode 07: Conflict Diamonds and Human Rights Violations
By: Vera Carrington '10
Cambell, Greg. "Blood Diamonds." Amnesty International Magazine. September 2007.

Combating Conflict Diamonds. 26 February 2007.

Warhurst, Alyson. "The Other Diamond Story." Business Week Online. Dec. 2006: 29.

Spillings, Jim. "Conflict Diamonds" Fortune. 155 (2007): 17.

Zoellner, Tom. "So, Should You Buy a Diamond?" Time Magazine. 168 (2006): 67.
Episode 08: South Africa under Apartheid
By: Andrew Eldredge '11
Bearak, Barry. "Pst-Apartheid South Africa Enters Anxious Era." NY Times. 5 October, 2008.

Cohen Milstein, Hausfeld & Toll. Apartheid Litigation - Plaintiffs' PersonalStories. 21 Oct. 2008. apartheid-plaintiffs.php

Crocker, Chester A., U.S. response to apartheid in South Africa- transcript. US Department of State Bulletin. June, 1985.

Giliomee, Hermann, and Lawrence Schlemmer. Apartheid to Nation-Building. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Episode 09: The Struggle for East Timor
By: Teesa Bahana '11
Peacekeeping in East Timor : the path to independence / Michael G. Smith with Moreen Dee and East
Timor : a rough passage to independence / James Dunn

East Timor Questions & Answers Stephen R. Shalom, Noam Chomsky, & Michael
Albert Z Magazine, October, 1999 ftn5

The East Timor question : the struggle for independence from Indonesia / edited by Paul
Hainsworth & Stephen McCloskey
Episode 10: The Lost Boys of Sudan
By: Sheldon Keegan '11
Sudan: Nearly 2 million dead as a result of the world's longest running civil war, U.S.
Committee for Refugees, 2001. Archived 10 December 2004 on the Internet
Archive. Accessed I0 April 2007.

Lee J.M. Seymour, Review of Douglas Johnson, The Root Causes of Sudan's Civil
Wars. African Studies Quarterly, African Studies Quarterly, Volume 7, Issue 1, Spring
2003 (TOC). Accessed 10 April 2007.

Sabit A. Alley, War and Genocide in the Sudan, iAbolish. Paper originally delivered at
"The 19th Annual Holocaust and Genocide Program: Learning Through Experience"
hosted by the Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies of Raritan Valley College in
New Jersey on March 17, 2001. Archived 21 December 2005 on the Internet Archive.
Accessed 10 April 2007.

Corbett, Sara. "The Lost Boys of Sudan; The Long, Long, Long Road to Fargo." The
New York Times. 1 April, 2001.

Meade, Fionn. "The Lost Boys of Sudan." Review of African Political Economy, Vol
29, No. 92, Africa, the African Diaspora, and Development. June 2002. Pp. 358-362
http://www.istor.or~/stable/400682A3. Accessed 26 October, 2008

Hicks, Steven. "The Political Economy of War-Affected Children." American
Academy of Political and Social Science. May 200 1. Pp. 106- 12 1. Accessed 26 October, 2008
Seravalli, Rachael. "Project gives refugees something to smile about." The Lincoln
Journal Star. 7 February, 2005.
Episode 11: The U.S. versus Castro's Cuba - From Batista to the Cold War
By: Diandra Rivera '12
Fulgencio Batista by Frank Argote Freyre, Cuba and the United States: A Chronological History by Jane Franklin, Family Portrait with Fidel by Carlos Franqui, Inside the Cuban Revolutionary Underground by Armando Hart, and The Cuban Threat by Carla Anne Robbins
Episode 12: El Mozote Massacre
By: Dana Epsten '11
Bonner, Raymond. "Massacre of Hundred Reported In Salvador Village." The New York Times.
27 January 1982.

Danner, Mark. "The Truth of El Mozote." The New Yorker. 06 December 1993.

Golden, Mark. "Salvador Skeletons Confirm Reports of Massacre in 198 1 ." The New York
Times. 22 October 1992.

"The Massacre at El Mozote: The Need to Remember." Americas Watch: A Division of Human
Rights Watch. Vol. 4. Issue 2 (1992).

Urbina, Ian. "O.A.S. to Reopen Inquiry Into Massacre in El Salvador in 1981 ." The New York
Times. 08 March 2005
Episode 13: The Darfur War
By: Brian K Gitau '11
Mil1enson;Daniel. Personal Interview. 14 Oct. 2008.

De Waal, Alex, ed. War in Darfur and the search for peace. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2007.

Jok Madut Jok. SUDAN- Race, Religion, and Violence. Oxford: One World, 2007.

National Public Radio. Darfur Women scared by fighting. 23 Oct. 2008

Goodman, S Peter. "China Invests Heavily on Sudan's Oil Industry."Washin@on Post. 23 Dec 2004.
Episode 14: The Arab-Israeli Conflict
By: Mark Miller '11
Bouillon, Markus. The Peace Business: Money and Power in the Palestine-Israel
Conflict. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2004.

Gelvin, James. The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War. New York:
Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Gidron, Benjamin., Yeheskel Hasenfeld, and Stanley Katz, eds. Mobilizing for Peace:
Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, Israel/Palestine, and South Africa. New
York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Harms, Gregory., and Todd Ferry. The Palestine Israel Conflict: A Basic Introduction.
Ann Arbor: Pluto Press, 2005.

Laqueur, Walter., and Barry Rubin, eds. The Israel-Arab Reader. New York: Penguin
Books, 2001.

"Ruling Palestine I: Gaza Under Hamas." Crisis Group. 2008. Oct. 15, 2008.
Episode 15: My Lai Massacre
By: Melissa Giusti '11
Bilton, Michael and Kevin Sim. Four Hours in My Lai. New York: Penguin, 1992.

Oliver, Kendrick. The My Lai Massacre in American History and Memory. New York:
Manchester University Press, 2006.

Olson, James S. and Randy Roberts. My Lai: A Brief History With Documents. Boston:
Bedford Books, 1998.
Episode 16: Drug Trafficking in The Caribbean
By: Brendan D. Buglione '10
Miller, Scott. "Illicit Drugs Shipped Through Caribbean Nations to U.S., Europe." USInfo.State.Gov. Available from http:llusinfo.state.govlgi~Archivel2006NarIO1-734029.html lnternet; accessed 20 November 2007.

"" Cocaine and Crack Available from t;
accessed 20 November 2007.

Klein, Axel. Caribbean Drugs. New York, NY: Zed Books, 2004.

International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. "The Caribbean." U.S. Deoartment of State. Available from http://www.state.govIpIinVrls/nrcrpt/2006Iv01l/htmV62108. Internet; accessed 10 November 2007.

Pacini, Deboarah. Coca And Cocaine. Petersborough, NH: Cultural Survival Inc., 1986.

Healy, Kevin. “ Drug trafficking in the Americas.” Drug policy Alliance. Available from http.// Internet; accessed 29 November 2007.

Hristoulas, Alexander. (2006, Mar) The Cocaine Trade in the Greater Caribbean region: Origins, Processes and Consequences Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA <Not Available>. 2006-10-05 from

Guizado, Alvaro. "Drug Trafficking: Perspectives From Europe, Latin America, and the United States." International Seminar 10, (2005): 1-277.[Database online.] JSTOR.

Bowden, Mark. Killing Pablo. New York, NY: Wild Eyes Inc., 2000.

"European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction . "Defining Drug-Related Crime." Drugnet Europe. Available from Internet; accessed 9 November 2007.
Episode 17: The Northern Ireland Crisis
By: Brendan Gibney '11
Aretxaga, Begoiia. "Dirty Protest: Symbolic Overdetermination and Gender in Northern
Ireland Ethnic Violence." In Violence in War and Peace. Ed. Nancy Scheper-Hughes
and Phillipe Bourgois. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1994. Pg. 244-245.

Arthur, Paul. "Conflict, Memory, and Reconciliation." In The Long Road to Peace in Northern
Ireland. Ed. Marianne Elliot. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press: 2007. Pg. 147-1 56.

Rowan, Brian. Behind the Lines: The Story of the IRA and Loyalist Ceasefires. Belfast: The Blackstaff Press: 1995. Pg. 162

Unknown. "Crime Scene Revisited." The Economist; 10/27/2007. Vol. 385, 8552: 66-67.

Unknown. "Down But Not Out." The Economist; 8/2/2008. Vol. 387, 8591: 57-58.

Unknown. "Now For the Really Hard Part." The Economist; 7/28/2007. Vol. 384, 8539: 59-59.

Unknown. "Operation Banner Lowers the Flag." British Heritage; Jan. 2008. Vol. 28,6: 9-9.
Episode 18: The U.S.-Iraq Conflict
By: Ben Bernstein '10
Nasr, Vali. "When the Shiites Rise." Foreign Affairs. July-Aug. 2006. Council on Foreign
Relations. 5 Nov. 2008

Phillips, James, and James J. Carafano. "The Iraq Study Group Report: the Good, the
Bad, and the Ugly." The Heritage Foundation. 6 Dec. 2006. 5 Nov. 2008 78.cfm

Polk, William R. Understanding Iraq. New York: HarperCollins, 2005.

United States Institute of Peace. The Iraq Study Group. By James A Baker, et al. 2006.
United States Institute of Peace. 6 Dec. 2006. 5 Nov. 2008
Episode 19: Psychological Effects of Torture
By: Sydney Fields '11
Corradi, Juan E., Patricia Weiss Fagen, & Manuel Antonio Garreton. Fear at theEdge. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1992.

Greenwood, C. J. & Elihu Lauterpacht. International Law Reports. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Higham, Scott & Joe Stephens (200415124). Punishment and Amusement. Retrieved November 5,2008, from

Keller, Allen. March 30, 2005. Podcast. "Advocacy and Medical Care for Victims of Torture and INS Detainees in the U.S. University of Chicago." 4 November 2008.

Klein, Naomi. The Shock Doctrine. New York City: Macmillan, 2007.

Nijhoff, Martinus. Determinants of Gross Human Rights Violations by State and State-sponsored Actors in Brazil, Uruguay, Chile, and Argentina. Cambridge, MA: Kluwer Law International, 1999.

Sen, Vicheth (2008108112). Cambodia's Untreated Wound. Retrieved November 5, 2008, from

Weschler, Lawrence. A Miracle, A Universe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Episode 20: The Untold Story of Chechen Terrorists
By: John Dohse '12
"Chechen gunmen seize Moscow theatre." 24 Oct. 2002.7 Nov. 2008

"Chechnya: Research Shows Widespread and systematic Use of Torture." Human Rights
Watch. 7 Nov. 2008

Cornell, Svante E. "The Case of Chechnya." International Reactions to Massive Human
Rights Violations 51.1 Jan. 1999: 85-100. Europe-Asia Studies. Jstor. Colgate

"How Special Forces Ended Siege." BBC News 29 Oct. 2002. 7 Nov. 2008

Oliker, Olga. Russia's Chechen Wars 1994-2000: Lessons from Urban Combat.
Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001.

Politkovskaya, Anna. A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches from Chechnya. Trans.
Alexander Burry and Tatiana Tulchinsky. Chicago: The University of
Chicago Press, 2003.

"Q&A: The Chechen War." BBC News 29 Oct. 2002. 7 Nov. 2008

"Russian Federation: First ruling of the European Court of Human Rights against
"disappearances" in Chechnya." Amnesty International Press Release. 27
July 2006. Amnesty International Online. 7 Nov. 2008
Episode 21: Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda
By: Eric Spencer '12
"Background on the Conflict in Northern Uganda." Human Rights First. Human Rights First. 10 Nov. 2008
Briggs, Jimmie. Innocents Lost : When Child Soldiers Go to War. New York: Basic Books, 2005

"Child Soldiers Trapped in Vicious Cycle of War." 16 Feb. 2005. UNICEF. 17 Nov. 2008 - 25 184.html
Invisible Children. Perf. Jason Russell, Bobby Bailey and Laren Poole. DVD. 2006.

Leggett, Ian. Uganda. Grand Rapids: Oxfam, 2001.

Li, Kun. "Children Bear the Brunt of Uganda's 19-year Conflict." Unicef. 23 Mar. 2005. Unicef. 17 Nov. 2008 - 25704.html

U.N. Security Council, 4423rd Meeting. "Resolution 1379 (2001) (SIRES11379) 20 November 2001

"Uganda." CIA Factbook. 6 Nov. 2008. CIA. 15 Nov. 2008
Episode 22: Soviet-Afghan Conflict and Covert U.S Intervention
By: Matthew Miller '11
Episode 23: Child Soldiers in the Congo
By: Allison Rabinowitz '12
"Armed Gangs Recruit Child Soldiers." World News. 7 Nov. 2008. Metro.Co.UK. 19
Nov. 2008
http:// child soldiers&in article id=3925 1 1&in page id=64

Hall, Tony. "Songs of Sorrow, Rhythms of Hope: Conflict and Hunger in the Congo". US
Mission to the UN Agencies for Food and Agriculture.

Reuters. "Youths Again Forced to Fight in Congo, Aid Group Says." New York Times 25
Dec. 2007.

Sengupta, Somini. "Innocence of Youth Is Victim of Congo War." New York Times 23
June 2003: 1-2.

Thomas-Jensen, Colin, and Candice Knezevic. "Ripples of Genocide: An Update on the
Democratic Republic of Congo, Part One." Interview with Bridget Conley-Zilkic.
PART ONE. Voices on Genocide Prevention. 18 Sept. 2008.

UNICEF. "UNICEF: Helping former child soldiers in DR Congo." You Tube. 03 Oct.
2007. 17 Nov. 2008
Episode 24: Racism in Rwanda Leading up to the Genocide
By: Michael Dinneen '11
Destexhe, Alaine. Rwanda and Genocide in the Twentieth Century. New York: New York
University Press, 1995. p.38.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.

Waller, David. Rwanda Which Way Now?. London: Oxfam, 1996. p. 7, 16, 54.

Berry, John A. and Carol Pott Berry. Genocide in Rwanda. p. 34-36, 165-166.
Episode 25: Arab-Israeli Conflict
By: Kathryn Tull '12
Episode 26: Human Rights Violations In West Papua
By: Bennett McCabe '11
"Amnesty International." World Report 2008. 2008. 21 Nov. 2008

Brundige, Elizabeth, Winter King, Priyneha Vahali, Stephen Valdeck, and Xiang Yuan.
lndonesian Human Rights Abuses in West Papua: Application of the Law of Genocide to
the History of lndonesian Control, Apr. 2004. Yale Law School. 21 Nov. 2008

"Free West Papua." 21 Nov. 2008

Williams, Kerryn. "WEST PAPUA: Genocide continues." Green Left. 17 Nov. 1993. 21 Nov.

Wing, John, and Peter King. Genocide in West Papua? Aug. 2005. University of Sydney. 23
Nov. 2008
Episode 27: Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal
By: Alex Mavrovitis '11
"Abu Ghraib." 1 Dec. 2008. New York Times. 18 Nov. 2008

Asser, Martin. "Abu Ghraib: Dark stain on Iraq's past." 25 May 2004. BBC News. 20
Nov. 2008

Cooper, Anderson. "CBS News 60 minutes." 24 June 2007. CBS News. 1 Dec. 2008

Danner, Mark. Torture and Truth : America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror. New York:
New York Review of Books, Incorporated, The, 2004.

Hersh, Seymour M. "Annals of national security: the gray zone." 24 May 2004.
The New Yorker. 20 Nov. 2008

Hersh, Seymour M. "Torture at Abu Ghraib." 30 Apr. 2004. The New
Yorker. 20 Nov. 2008

Lewis, Anthony. The Torture Papers : The Road to Abu Ghraib. Ed. Karen J. Greenberg and
Joshua L. Dratel. New York: Cambridge UP, 2005.

Pike, John. "Intelligence." 5 Jan. 2006. Global Security. 22 Nov. 2008

Sontag, Susan. "Regarding the Torture of Others." 23 May 2004. New York
Times Magazine. 20 Nov. 2008

Walsh, Joan. "The Abu Ghraib Files." Salon Media Group. 15 Nov. 2008
Episode 28: Escalation into the Cuban Missile Crisis
By: Daniel Fertig '11
Episode 29: Atta and Al-Qaeda
By: Jamie Beddow '11
Qutb, Sayyid. Milestones. ed. A.B al-Mehri. Birmingham, England: Maktabah, 2006.
Downloaded through

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al-Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. New York: Columbia
Press, 2002.

Harris, Sam. The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason. New York:
W.W. Norton and Company, 2004.

Burke, Jason. Al-Qaeda: Casting a Shadow of Terror. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2003.

Wright, Lawrence. The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York:
Vintage Books, 2006.

Kepel, Gilles and Jean-Pierre Milelli ed. (editors). Al-Qaeda In Its Own Words. Trans.
Pascale Ghazaleh. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press,
Episode 30: The Nanking Massacre
By: Christopher J. Moy '11
Chang, Iris. The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II. New York: Penguin, 1998.

Katsuichi, Honda. The Naniing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National
Shame. Ed. Frank Gibney. Trans. Karen Sandness. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1999.

Ng, Kevin. "The Great Denial." Chinese American Forum 23 (2008): 33-36.
Episode 31: Nazi Genocide of World War II
By: Robert Ray '11